GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT GREECE
Ancient Greece was located in southeastern Europe, where the modern country of Greece is located today. It is a region with many mountains and steep cliff sides. As well, the area is made up of thousands of islands. This is because Greece is surrounded by the sea to the east, south and west. More specifically, the Ionian Sea is along Greece’s western shores, while the Aegean Sea was along the eastern shores.
The geography of Ancient Greece impacted the people who lived there in several ways. First, it caused the area to develop into regions with city-states. This is because the mountains and islands caused the cities of Ancient Greece to be separated geographically from each other. For example, Athens was the most famous and most powerful city-state of Ancient Greece. Sparta was another famous and powerful city-state of the time.
The second way that the geography of Greece impacted the people of Ancient Greece relates to the Mediterranean Sea. The sea was incredibly important to the Greek people. This is because they were seafaring, which means that they used the sea to do all sorts of things, including: travel, fish and trade. In fact, travel along sea routes was important as it allowed the Ancient Greeks to trade between their own city-states but also to other surrounding civilizations. The seafaring nature of Ancient Greece allowed it to expand to areas, such as: the Black Sea, North Africa, and other parts of Europe.
Finally, the geography of Greece impacted the food and farming of the people in Ancient Greece. Since Greece is a mountainous region, the people of Ancient Greece needed to grow food and raise animals that could prosper in those conditions. For example, grapes and olives were important crops in Ancient Greece because they could somewhat easily grow on the sides of mountains and cliffs.
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